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Gearing Up Your Greenhouse

Gardening Tips

Without a doubt, everything about the environment of the plant should be perfect so that the plant can grow the optimal way and can give a yield that is desired. Even if growing is just a hobby instead of a business, forgetting or neglecting the environment of the plant should never happen. As you may know, plants have different needs on depending on where they are in their stages of growth. The optimal environment of each stage can actually be mimicked or replicated in order for the plant to grow in the best way possible. Together with modern technology, no longer do you need to worry about the unpredictable weather or the harshness of nature. In fact, multi-million greenhouses are taking advantage of this advancement to create the perfect environment for the plants which can produce really high-quality products! If you’re looking to find out what exactly they do, then you’ve come to the right place!
First things first, they start with the layout. Orientation is key especially if you’re looking to account the change in position of the sun with relative to the time which maximizes the potential of solar energy provided by the sun (which they do). In general, a slope of 1-2% throughout the site will increase the solar energy intake and at the same time gives a good and natural drainage system.
Next thing to consider is heat management. The heat in the environment of the plant will definitely vary depending on the lights or the actual climate of your actual grow space is. Growers often use ventilation systems involving fans, thermal screens, water cooling and heating, and opening parts of their grow space for fresh air to come in and out. Monitoring the temperature of the enclosure could be done with probes which can also change the needed things in order to balance the right temperature.The air moving about inside the enclosure can be refreshed by exhaust fans, cooling fans and circulation fans. This very much helps the plant grow better and faster for a number of reasons: one, the threat of pests and fungal diseases is lessened, two, increasing the transpiration of the plant will make it grow faster, three, humidity is also addressed this way which can further help the plant grow faster as it negates pests and it makes it easier for the plant to absorb nutrients and grow.
Adjusting depending on the growth of the plant is the next step. Plants affect the environment just as much as the environment affects the plant. With every growth, the plant can alter the environment and as a grower, you should be able to correct any mistake and adjust accordingly. For example, larger plants far from the seedling stage will transpire more which can rise the humidity level of the enclosure. Additionally, knowing what the plant needs depending on their growth will definitely help in adjusting. For example, vegetative crops and young seeds generally need higher humidity levels. Therefore, when your plants are in this stage, the humidity level is high and should be changed when the plants enter the flowering stage.
As stated above, humidity levels should be maintained at the proper level depending on the growth of the plant. Having the wrong level on a specific cycle can choke the plant which hinders growth and will ultimately affect your yield. Automated machinery are used to spray mist together with evaporating coolers to deliver the needed change of humidity in the room.
Using artificial light is also one of the most common practices that big greenhouses include in their operations. These lights can prolong the day and night cycles for the plant in order to “trick” them into growing into the way that is desirable. As stated above, using lights will affect the temperature of the room so that should be taken into consideration during their operation. Nowadays, farmers are starting to use LED lights as it can deliver better supplementary lighting because it can position in a way that can penetrate the canopy of the crop.
Supplementing Carbon Dioxide is also employed by these big greenhouses. As you can imagine, being in an enclosure can deprive the area of needed Carbon Dioxide. To remedy this, there exist ventilation systems or they supplement carbon dioxide directly in the enclosure. Additionally, having higher levels of CO2 has been proven to increase the growth and yield of the plant.
To sum it all up, the environment of the plant is very important and crucial to the growth and development of the crops in an enclosure. Watching out for every variable will definitely increase the harvest in the end as each variable can affect the plant in a negative way if done wrong or positively if done correctly.


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