As a grower, you definitely want only the best for your plants. From the nutrients to the environment that you provide, your indoor plants are in pretty good hands and is most probably in a pretty good shape. However, did you know that you can give them something more? Micro-organisms. There are a lot of micro-organisms that is very beneficial to your plant; it can make your plants even healthier than before! As stated above, you probably want what’s best for your plants, so if you’re not sure on how these work, then keep on reading!
The most common types of micro-organisms can be separated into three types: Trichoderma, beneficial bacteria, and mycorrhizae. These three actually has the capability to unlock the full potential of your plants to the point that expert believes that the usage of these three will grow your crops exponentially throughout the years! As you may know, soil is not just dirt; a lot of biological activity happens in that area to the point that other growers see it as a living thing. This is where micro-organisms come to play. By making sure that they are healthy and taken care of, they can give back in different forms all of which is beneficial to your plant. Don’t worry,we’re going to break each type for you!
Let’s start with Trichoderma!
Trichoderma is primarily used as a preventive measure against pathogenic fungi in indoor gardens. The thing is, Trichoderma are actually fungus themselves that feeds on other fungi and the enzymes it releases is the one that gives off the beneficial microscopic defense for the indoor plant. It actually releases the enzyme “chitinase” which breaks down chitin or the material that houses the pathogenic fungi. This actually protects the roots of the plants from being attacked by these pathogenic fungi. Additionally, Trichoderma also releases the enzyme “cellulase” which is beneficial for the plant in two ways: it aids the breakdown of organic material present in the soil and it activates the natural defense of the roots by penetrating it.
Next, we have Beneficial Bacteria!
From the name itself, Beneficial Bacteria are bacteria that can provide benefits to the soil and ultimately to the plant. There are actually a lot of ways on how beneficial bacteria can help the soil. Depending on their strains, some could help in breaking down organic matter, some could add to the soil compost, some serves to protect (similarly to Trichoderma, some bacteria feeds on pathogenic fungi such as Bacillus Subtilisin powdery mildew) and while some help in the nutrient uptake of the plant from the roots! Having a lot of these beneficial bacteria will increase the plant’s capacity to intake food and nutrients which will ultimately help it grow a lot faster and stronger!
Lastly, we have Mycorrhizae.
Mycorrhizae is one of the most commonly provided by grow companies. Most companies right now often already include mycorrhizae in their mix. The essence of Mycorrhizae is that it can form a symbiotic relationship with the plant and the soil. For example, mycorrhizae fungi have the capacity to become an extension of the plant’s roots in order to reach deeper nutrients lodged deep below the soil which allows the plant to get more nutrients. Similar to Trichoderma, mycorrhizae uses enzymes to help the plant grow. The enzymes that are released by mycorrhizae are the ones that break down nutrients gathered from deep below (such as organic nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron). This example is actually a type of mycorrhizae called “ectomycorrhiza”, which acts as the extension of the roots. Another type of mycorrhizae is actually called “endomycorrhiza”. Instead of forming a symbiotic relationship with the roots, it creates one with the cells of the plant. Similarly, it helps in the transfer of nutrients by increasing the surface area between the plant’s hyphae and the cytoplasm.
With research going a good direction, we are facing the possibility of perfecting the indoor garden using soils. Now that you know these extra micro-organisms, be sure to look for them in your next purchase of soil and nutrients. Always remember that your plants always deserve the best and doing so will give you great results!