Setting up your own grow room can be challenging and intimidating especially if it’s your first try to do so. It will be very tiring and would require a lot of time and attention. However, with that said, we’re sure that it will definitely be worth your time as the rewards are more than enough to be even!
The general idea of a grow room is to re-create the environment of the plant through means that are different in the natural setting. Plants that are grown outside are exposed to nature therefore if a plant was to be grown indoor (where the natural environment is absent), the grower will need to provide it for themselves and improve it! As you can imagine and as stated above, creating a grow room will be tedious and tiring as the grower has to act as Mother Nature herself!
Since you are trying to re-create the natural environment for the plant, you will need the following essentials for your grow room:
As you may know, outdoor plants get their light from the sun. On the other hand, indoor plants will need to get it from a different source. Grow lights, or lights used for grow rooms, comes in different forms and sizes and what you will use is entirely up to you depending on what you are growing and how big do you plan to grow. In general, however, you may want to look at LED lights, HID lights, or CFL lights (fluorescent lighting).
2. Air circulation
Aside from light, plants also need a proper air circulation. As you may know, plants use Carbon dioxide in their photosynthesis process and a proper air circulation will be able to provide that among other purposes. Other purposes of a proper air circulation would involve humidity and temperature, both of which are part of the essentials checklist for your indoor grow room. In order to achieve a proper air circulation, you will need intake fans, ventilation fans, and an exhaust fan.Carbon filters can also be used to disperse the odor that your plants can make.
Part of the natural environment of plants outdoors is the temperature around it and an indoor plant would require the same. In general, you don’t want to the temperature of the indoor grow room to be too cold or too hot as both can destroy your crops. It needs to be just right and to do so you will need a thermostat and possibly a heater if you live in cold areas. In general, you would want to keep the temperature around 28 degrees Celsius. Your air circulation will be there in order to keep it at that level. This temperature will allow the plant to use its energy in growing itself instead of adapting to the temperature. Additionally, this temperature will also help in maintaining the humidity of the plant which is also an essential.
Humidity or the control of moisture in the air will actually affect the rate of the nutrient intake of your plants. Too low of a moisture level then the plant will not properly intake the nutrients and too high of a level will lead to unwanted situations such as molds, fungus, and other disastrous things. You may want to invest in an air humidifier for this purpose.
These are the essential things that you may need to re-create in an indoor grow room. For the actual setting up, here are the things that you will need to do:
Step 1: Pick a spot
Picking a spot is relatively easy as long as you have a general idea of what you’re going to do. For example, cabinets are actually a legitimate location for your operations but it will only involve a small-scale operation. Ideally, the spot that you need to pick will need a good source of electricity and water. The location will also need to be cemented or tiled as other surfaces can lead to complication such as unbalanced humidity caused by trapped liquid inside certain surfaces (such as carpets or wood).
Step 2: Blueprint
Creating a blueprint will definitely help. Knowing where to put the equipment stated above will save you not only time and money, but the actual yield as a properly planned grow room is so much better than one that is done blindly. This will also reduce the chances of mistakes when it comes to the location of the plant and the equipment. For example, there are a lot of instances that the plant grows too tall for the lights which is generally bad for both the grower (a lot of hassle to fix things) and the actual yield. Additionally, you may want to plan out a hydroponic system for your plants. The hydroponic system is quite important to the whole indoor growing business. This system will be responsible for the feeding of the plants. There are many kinds of hydroponic system and would require different equipment so it’s up to you which you would use for your own grow room.
Step 3: Proofing
When the plans have been created, it’s time to fortify the actual location of the grow room. An ideal location will need to be air-tight and light-tight; air that does not come from the ventilation system and light that does not come from your own equipment will cause complications for your plants. For outside air, for example, contamination can happen in the form of contaminated air outside. The air will also cause an unbalance in the temperature and the humidity of the room. Outside lights are also a no-no as it will destroy the light cycle that your plants needs to follow. If disrupted, your plants can get confused which will result in undesired outcomes such as growing a hermie. To proof your spot, a simple solution would be to use duct tapes and wall tapes to secure the area and to avoid leaks.
Step 4: Install the lights
The next step is to install the lights that you chose. There are different specs that you need to consider depending on the lights that you chose but in general, you would need about 600 watts per 6 feet of space. Make sure that the lights are installed in a place which gives the plants space to grow as to avoid any damage to the plant itself (too close to the light can cause excess heat).
Step 5: Install the ventilation system
As stated above, proper ventilation is important for plants. Using the fans that you have, you can make a ventilation system that will ensure the proper temperature and humidity in the room. Your fans should be set up in a way that will simulate a natural air circulation; hot air goes up and cold air goes down. According to experts, the air circulation is recommended to be at 30 times per hour and should be moving in a horizontal direction to ensure the climate of the room.
Step 6: Install the hydroponic system
As stated above, there are many kinds of hydroponic system. The setting up will be based on what system you have chosen. With this, your plants can be fed in an automated manner which can really help in creating good yield.
And there you have it! There are essential factors that you, the grower, will need to take into consideration in making your own grow room. After doing so and after following the steps, you will be rewarded with a grow room that will be capable of creating amazing yields! However, do keep in mind that every strain and every plant will have different needs, so it’s better to indulge yourself with knowledge about them before creating a house for them.